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|Physical Education - First Grade
The Physical Education class begins with aerobic
activity to warm up the muscles (i.e. tag or jump rope). Their
warm-ups are followed by stretching and strength exercises which
the children lead themselves.
The next phase of the class involves motor skill development. This is
achieved through a variety of instructional approaches especially
successful with this grade (demonstration & explanation, Socratic
approach, movement education and role playing). Making use of the
first grader's rich and vivid imagination, many skill sessions are
presented within storylines. For example, when learning the standing
broad jump and running broad jump, the child imagines s/he is hiking
and must cross many brooks of varying widths without landing in them.
The culminating activity of each lesson is a group game or individual
challenge which utilizes/ reinforces the skill(s) developed earlier in
the lesson. The game usually has a cooperative element to it. For
example, if the focus skill of the day is throwing or catching, we
will play Fox and Squirrel which is a circle game in which the Fox
(large ball) is chasing the Squirrel (small ball). The Fox must be
handed to a person on either side of you while the Squirrel can
"fly" across the circle to anyone whose name you call. The entire
group becomes concerned with the fate of the Squirrel as they
practice throwing, catching and calling to a receiver before passing
Class ends with a circle time for the children to ask questions,
describe what they have learned in P.E. and receive feedback about a
particular aspect of the class.
The P.E. objectives are met through the areas of instruction indicated
- Manipulative: one and two hand bowling, one and two hand overhand
and underhand throws, one hand overhand throw, bouncing with one and
two hands, catching, kicking, rolling hula hoops, tossing scarves,
balancing peacock feathers, and flying ribbon streamers
- Non-locomotor : balancing, sitting, kneeling, squatting, standing,
bending, swaying, rocking, swinging, turning, twisting and pushing
- Locomotor: walking, running, hopping, jumping, leaping, galloping,
sliding, skipping, dodging, landing, turning and side-stepping
- In a Group: forming circles, lining up and responding to signals
- Learning simple line and circle dances
- Simple: Simon Says to Music, Red Light-Green Light, One Bounce
- Cooperative: Frozen Bean Bag, Caterpillar Over the Mountain,
- Obstacle courses integrate a variety of skills and concepts and
are good for body awareness and memory. Throughout the year, obstacle
courses are presented to coincide with holidays and Project Time.
- Tumbling: log rolls, egg rolls, forward and backward rolls and
straddle rolls, animal walks, jumps and jump turns, splits, 1 side
cartwheels, tip-ups and tripods.
- Apparatus: balance beam, forward and backward walking, squat
turn and scale. Vault: squat on and jump dismounts, squat through.
Climbing ropes: pull-ups, inverted hangs and skin the cat.
- Calisthenics for strength and flexibility, long rope jumping
and tag games for cardiovascular endurance.
- Creative movement, rock passing, hand clapping songs, lummi sticks.