Academic Programs Preschool/Kindergarten Curriculum:Mathematics

 Preschool   pre-K    Daily Activities    Practical Life    Sensorial Materials    Language    [an error occurred while processing this directive] Mathematics      Number Sense      Algebra      Measurement      Geometry      Statistics/Probability      Reasoning/Logic      Evaluation/Assessment    Science    Geography/Social Studies    Multicultural Education    Socio-Emotional    Arts and Crafts    Music    Drama    Physical Education    Concluding Comment    Download program as pdf Elementary   grades 1-5 Middle   grades 6-8 SFS Library Extended Day Athletics Educational Outreach Summer Lunch Program Get Acrobat Reader © 2006 The San Francisco School 300 Gaven Street San Francisco, CA 94134 Phone (415) 239-5065 School inquiries Website issues Website optimized for IE6.0

The Montessori environment is designed to encourage early mathematical exploration with very concrete and practical activities that appeal to the youngest learners. Practical Life and Sensorial materials prepare children for formal math. Practical life activities provide children with hands-on exercises in precision, concentration, order, sorting and counting. The Sensorial materials offer practice in discriminating shapes, classifying, seriating, correspondences and the concept and experience of ten.

The classroom environment is designed to support the day-to-day use of math materials. We introduce any new material or concept with concrete, sensorial activities that deepen the child's mathematical understanding. The Montessori materials foster individual discovery and auto-didactic learning. Children are encouraged to share their discoveries.

The multi-age setting is conducive to cooperative learning across age groups. Teachers guide children in gaining developmentally appropriate knowledge and skills on an individual basis, as well as in small or large groups. From simple exercises of one-to-one correspondence (How many cups are needed to offer juice to four friends?) to subtraction (There are 36 children in our class but two people are absent. How many children are here today?), the classroom environment offers numerous opportunities for teachers to guide children in their natural curiosity about numbers.

Our goal over the course of the three-year program is that each child will have gained an understanding of small numbers (0-10), one-to-one correspondence, quantities and simple shapes. Each student will be able to count, compare, describe and sort objects, as well as develop a sense of properties and patterns. A beginning sense of abstraction is achieved by many five to six year olds. To this end, we cover the six math strands described on the following pages.

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